Vaccinations need to be always undertaken by the pet owners, and the dogs need to be vaccinated at the appropriate time. This helps improve the animal’s resistance to specific diseases causing frequent dog problems. The dogs orphaned due to the mother’s death have lesser protection in their immune system.
Such animals are to be particularly protected against various diseases.
Vaccination is usually started at the age of five to six weeks; before this age, maternal immunity will help the animal develop natural disease resistance. It is always better to deworm the animal before the vaccination, which is emphasized many times. Vaccination against parvovirus is done early because parvoviral infections often affect pups. The booster dose for each vaccine must be given at the appropriate time, which helps build up the immune status appreciably. Vaccination is carried out in many countries against rabies disease.
Hence, vaccination against rabies is given more emphasis always. Even rabies tags are fixed onto the dog collar of most dogs. The rabies vaccine is provided at the age of thirteen to fifteenth weeks and is repeated in the fifteenth month. However, this depends on the type of vaccine used. Once in three years, this is repeated.
In dogs that have not received colostrums or dogs in high-risk areas, give measles virus vaccine and kill parvovirus vaccine before five weeks of age itself. Leptospira serovar vaccine is given at six to eight weeks of age and again at tenth to twelfth weeks and thirteenth to sixteenth weeks.
Then annually, repeat this. Bordetella and Lyme disease vaccinations are only optional in the case of dogs. Vaccinations against canine parainfluenza, canine parvovirus, and canine adenovirus type are similar to the schedule maintained with leptospiral serovars.